Debt to Income Ratio

The ratio of debt to income is a tool lenders use to calculate how much money is available for a monthly home loan payment after all your other recurring debt obligations are met.


About the qualifying ratio

In general, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans needs a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.

For these ratios, the first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including hazard insurance, homeowners' dues, PMI - everything.

The second number is what percent of your gross income every month that should be applied to housing costs and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes things like auto/boat payments, child support and credit card payments.

For example:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .28 = $1,260 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .36 = $1,620 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .29 = $1,305 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .41 = $1,845 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses


If you want to run your own numbers, use this Mortgage Qualification Calculator.

Don't forget these are only guidelines. We will be thrilled to help you pre-qualify to help you determine how much you can afford. At Pro-Active Mortgage, we answer questions about qualifying all the time. Give us a call: 503-524-3331. Ready to begin? Apply Now.

Got a Question?

Do you have a question? We can help. Simply fill out the form below and we'll contact you with the answer, with no obligation to you. We guarantee your privacy.

Your Information
Your Question